Grazing, in particular in winter and spring. Rubbing from July to October at 20/25 cm. Ring-barking in winter and summer.
Grazing of young shoots, in particular in winter and spring. Rubbing at 80 cm.
Grazing of new shoots and nibbling of the tree bark sometimes above 50 cm.
Nibbling of the tree bark around the stump and roots.
Terminology used by professionals:
The animal eats the buds and side shoots. The plant will form a fork or multiple heads the following year.
The animal rips off and eats strips of bark along the tree trunk. Generally, the plant dies.
Animals of the deer family rub their antlers against young trees. The bark is partially torn off and, even if the tree is able to recover, the butt log will be severally weakened.
Some tips and details concerning the use of protection screens and guards:
Over the years, and thanks to their remarkable adaptation skills, animals such as hares and rabbits have learnt to stand on their hind legs in order to reach the budding shoots up to a height of more than 50 cm.
On sites often exposed to extremely strong winds, at the side of the road or motorway, in exposed flatlands, etc... precautions must be taken to ensure the protection shelters remain securely fastened. To do this, one simply hammers a long tutor into the ground and, in extreme cases, 20 cm pegs must be inserted at the base of the protection guard in order to ensure it remains tight up against the ground. These pegs also prevent rodents from lifting the protection. Many plantations have been put in place and the potential damage caused by animals totally neglected. An open protection may be retrofitted with tutors.
The SamGreen® plant protection range has been developed to meet the needs and expectations of various professionals and offer precise solutions to problems relative to the protection and optimisation of plant growth.
Key properties of the SamGreen® plant protection screens:
A flat-mesh form was chosen in order to provide efficient protection from all viewpoints:
The interior surface of the protection guard is perfectly smooth in order to favour vertical growth.
The fine-mesh form prevents the shoots growing through the protection.
It also prevents the deer from hooking their antlers into the mesh and tearing the protection.
The "wind-break" concept:
The mesh of this guard provides shade and protection against the drying-out effect of the wind. Two vertical plain strips help improve the rigidity of the structure.
The "double-protection" concept:
Invented and patented at the time by SAMEX, this concept has become a standard in the wine-growing sector.
All in one piece, this vineshelter offers a plain skirt to protect against herbicides and a fine-mesh top section to enable aerial spray treatments and optimise the climatic conditions necessary to start growth of the vine-stock.